During the CLOUD14 campaign (fall 2019) several ice nucleating particle counters were present at the CLOUD facility to investigate the ice nucleation ability of the aerosol particles nucleated and grown in the chamber.

 

Picture adapted from https://home.cern/news/news/experiments/cosmic-rays-clouds

 

Continuous Flow Diffusion Chambers:

  • mINKA (mobile Ice Nucleation Instrument of the KArlsruhe Institut of Technology) from the Karlsruhe Institue of Technology;
  • SPIN (SPectrometer for Ice Nuclei) from the Finnish Meteorological Institue;
  • PINCii (Portable Ice Nucleating Chamber II version) from the University of Helsinki

Expansion chamber:

  • PINE (Portable Ice Nucleation Experiment) from the Karlsruhe Institue of Technology.

 

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Ice Nucleating Particle (INP) counters